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Freedom of Information Law Enforced In Nigeria

As a member organization of the coalition for the right to information in Ghana, we EANFOWORLD –GHANA commend the coordinator of the coalition in Ghana Ugonna Ukaigwe for providing lots of information on the effect of the right to information law passed in some countries of Africa and other parts of the world. Below is an account of how citizens working through a Non-governmental organizations in Nigeria have made good use of the Freedom of Information law that has been passed by Nigerian Legislature and Accented by president Goodluck Jonathan. Indeed the account below indicates that law courts in parts of the Federal republic of Nigeria are making it possible for the FOI law to work effectively.

To this end on Wednesday, February 18, A Federal High Court in Asaba issued an order of mandamus compelling two local government councils in Delta State – the Oshimili South and the Ika South Local Government Areas – to disclose to a Lagos-based non-governmental organization, Human Development Initiatives (HDI), the councils’ budgets from 2012 to 2014 and the projects duly approved for implementation in 2013.

The court’s decision was the culmination of a nine-month long litigation by HDI following the refusal of the Local Government Councils to grant its request made under the Freedom of Information Act on February 24, 2014.

Following three separate suits filed on May 15, 2014 by a Lagos lawyer, Mr. Andy Isioma Ogbolu, on behalf of HDI against Oshimili South, Ika South and Oshimili North Local Government Councils, Justice Mojisola Olatoregun-Isola granted HDI leave on May 21, 2014 to apply for:


  • A declaration that the failure and/or refusal by the Councils to disclose and make available to HDI the information sought in its letters of request dated February 24, 2014 amounts to a violation of HDI’s right of access to information as guaranteed by section 1(1) and section 4(a) of the Freedom of information Act, 2011.
  • A declaration that the failure and/or refusal by the Councils to give HDI a written notice that access to all or part of the information requested would not be granted and stating reasons for the denial and the section of the Freedom of information Act upon which the Councils relied to deny HDI access to the information requested in its letters dated February 24, 2014 amounts to a flagrant violation of section 4(b), 7(1), (2) and (3) of Act and is therefore wrongful.
  • An order of mandamus compelling the Councils to disclose and make available to HDI as requested in its letters of February 24, 2014 the Councils’ budgets for the years 2012, 2013 and 2014; documents detailing all projects duly approved for implementation in 2013; the locations of the projects; and the actual cost of each of the projects approved and/or implemented by the Councils in 2013.


At the day’s proceedings, the lawyers to the three Councils were absent. Mr. Ogbolu urged the Court to allow him move the motions before the court and to adopt his written address since the Councils had been duly served with the court processes and were aware that the case was fixed for today.

He argued that it was the duty of the courts and every person in the country to hold governments accountable, arguing that ordinary citizens would be discouraged from using the FOI Act to hold governments accountable if judicial processes were unduly prolonged.

Justice Olatoregun-Isola granted Mr. Ogbolu’s request to be allowed to argue his case. He therefore moved the motion before the court and adopted his written address. In a brief ruling, Justice Olatoregun-Isola granted all the prayers sought against Oshimili South and Ika South Local Government Councils. She however noted that in the suit against Oshimili North Local Government Area, the lawyer representing the Council had raised a preliminary objection, saying she would prefer to hear from him before proceeding further on that case.

The judge therefore adjourned the third case to February 26, 2015 for hearing and ordered that the lawyer to the Council should be issued with a hearing notice advising him of the new date.


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